How the Greek language influenced the European word 

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Ancient Greek civilization is stretching back of many thousands of years, evidence of a stone plaque with Greek letters found in northern Greece ageing 11.000 years old before the existence of the Phoenicians, reversing the theory that Phoenicians created the alphabet. The word alphabet meaning the first two letters of 24 (Άλφα Βήτα) Alpha Beta:  

Α, Β, Γ, Δ, Ε, Ζ, Η, Θ, Ι, Κ, Λ, Μ, Ν, Ξ, Ο, Π, Ρ, Σ, Τ, Υ, Φ, Χ, Ψ, Ω.
(according to Plato and Aristotle each letter has two meanings visually and in sound).
The Greek Letters have an abbreviating meaning that form the word. Other countries adapted the Greek language to their vocabularies, the richest in vowels and consonants. Thousands of Greek words where modified because they could not be pronounce correctly, and thus added to their dictionaries. Most of the words have a Greek origin.
"Κύσον με και την χείρα δός την δεξιάν"  - Κύσον με : kiss me
in English, - kusen : in German.
'Τάλαρος κάλαθος' : Dollar basket used for exchanging and measure products
'Θησαυρός' : Thesaurus = treasure
'Kαι με το δεξί "σπένδει" ( χύνει )' : to spend or spending

Greek was the international language before the Renaissance. In the New Testament all the scripts in Christianity where written in Greek.
t was customary for European monarchs to speak Greek.
Guenta Suetonio narrates that when conspirator Brutus gave the knife to Caesar, Caesar shouted in Greek "και σύ τέκνον Βρούτε; and you my friend Brutus?" This proves that a nearly dead man will only cry in his own language, which means that the Romans where extensively using the Greek language.
The Etruscan (800 - 200 BC) alphabet is Greek in origin, adapted to suit sounds peculiar to the Etruscan language. But the origins of the language itself are unknown.

When migration occurred from various parts of Greece (mainly from Arcadia) to Italy, they brought the Greek alphabet and language to the new land, in time their language evolved into Latin.
The Latin alphabet, was part of the Greek alphabet. The Greeks used the symbol F, something like between the F and the V, Fοίνος- Οίνος=(vinum, Vino (Ital.+Span.), Vin (Fr.), Wein (Ger.), Wine (Eng.) Later the Greeks stopped using some of the letters, (W, V, U, C, L, G, R, Q, F.) because in time pronunciation of many words changed. The letter C was used until the Byzantine era. 

On three accounts Greece was the most powerful country in the world :  Ancient (3000 - 1100 BC), Alexandrian (350 - 100 BC), and Byzantium (330 AD - 1453). A fourth time would have been a disaster for our friends of Europe, this is why they tried so hard to destroy Greece, by not giving a hand of help when Byzantium the other half of the Roman Empire was bleeding from the barbaric attacks of the east.

Renaissance The gift of the Greeks

When the Byzantine Empire (AD 330 - 1453) began to collapse before the Turks in mid 14th century, the wealthy cities of Italy offered a welcome to Greek scholars fleeing from Turkish rule. The Greeks brought with them an enthusiasm for the classical world, and a tradition of learning that stretched back a thousand years. They added discipline to classical studies by setting up academies in Italy on the lines of Plato's original Academy in Athens. The men of the Renaissance soon began to regard those who separated them from their great past as `barbarians', and the years since the fall of Rome in 476 as the `Dark Αges'. Later the introduction of printing vastly multiplied the number of minds that could be reached by the wisdom of the scholars.
Though the Renaissance began as a return to Europe's roots in the classical past, it soon took on aspects that were entirely modern. Franciscan friars (Some preachers unacceptable by the Catholic Church) began to dwell on the human side of the Christian story rather than on the dogmatic belief required of the faithful, and they preached in the language of the market place. The freshness in the wall paintings of Μasaccio (1401-28), with their strong realism and contrasts of light and shadow, owed little to ancient models. Artists such as Benozzo Gozzoli (1420-97) and Fra Lipo Lippi introduced the contemporary world into their paintings; they depicted the houses and gardens of Florence and the lovely valley of the Arno, peopled by the richly clad families of their patrons, the Media or the Tornabuoni.