Wedding - Baptism - Burial Ceremony (The 3 ancient Greek ethical Customs)


The wedding ceremony:
The month in which the weddings took place was the one called Gamelia
(our January)
On the previous day of her marriage, she devoted a curly hair from her hair to the temple of Artemis, virgin goddess. On the same day she made her bridal bath with water from the source of Kallirroe fountain because it was traditionally considered as  fertile. In the morning of her wedding day her friends wore a white veil and adorned her hair with flowers, which they gathered themselves, singing her wedding songs,
Her father, before them and relatives and friends, then brought her to the altar of the family home, where the groom was waiting for her. A priest of Zeus Customs, a protector of the marriage, having sacrificed a small calf, and had stripped him of the bile - in order not to biter the marriage, chanting established greetings, gave her half an apple (the favorite Aphrodite fruit) and the other half to the bridegroom.
After that, the bride's father, taking her hand,
placing it to the groom's hand, telling him:

"I give you my daughter to love her and to do with her legal children."
- The groom answered, "I accept."
- Father then said, "I give you as a dowry that amount and some furniture and kitchen utensils."
- The groom replied: "And I requite your" «warranty» on real me, of equal value with the dowry, as collateral security in the event of marriage dissolution. This established dialogue, conducted before the priest and the relatives and friends, was the proclamation and certificate of marriage, who without this ceremony, considered nonexistent.

Then they all went to dinner, ate bread blessed by the priest and for dessert honey and sesame, symbol of pleasure, and drank an altered wine, wishing the newlyweds  beloved life, many male children, and healthy family.

[The wedding ceremony, an ancient Greek ethical institution that only civilized peoples were possible, while the barbarians considered the woman as the object of a transaction], (the bridal veil, and this Greek invention is !!!).



The fireplace holly to the Greeks dedicated to virgin goddess hEstia:

Panhellenically the most sacred part of the home, as well as the city-state, was the established altar of the virgin goddess Estia, whose purifying fire had to be kept li
t. She was considered along with the other effeminate gods of the broader house of the guard to be the watchful protector of moral coherence and the inseparable link of family members. All the moments of importance to the family, from the bride's entrance to the husband's house to the death of the primogenitors, "from Hestia" began.
   At her altar the first offerings and sacrifices of the family were given, in it the born children circling round it  with the ceremony of the "bidirectional" on the tenth day after their birth they name them (The ancient Greek names) under the protection of the presbyter goddess, the daughter of Cronus Rhea and Zeus. The name (baptism) of the stem (boy or girl) was celebrated.
   Relatives and friends were invited with gifts and white candles, white-dressed as well as the parents. In front of the priest of Zeus, who wished to have established wishes, while the father raising the new child in the sunlight and spread on the  child with olive oil from an "olive tree" - that is, coming from the sacred marshes of Athena, he was three times round the altar of Estia announcing  his or her name, and after throwing a small tress from the child's hair into the purifying and life-giving (sacrificed from heaven), the sacred fire of Estia "cured" by immersing it in a special amphora (baptism) containing warm lukewarm water from the "fountain of Callirhoe". A festive meal was held at the "atrium" of the house near the altar of Erceios Zeus (protector).

[The baptism is an ancient Greek symbolic certificate]

The burial ceremony:

In the absence of children, the closest relatives are obliged to do the
burial ceremony to the dead relatives.
The deceased is exposed on a deathbed in the courtyard of his home to be bemoan
by his intimate relatives, not with pity and brood, because Solon forbade these events to be inappropriate in Greek ethos but also to greet his friends and after a whole night and day has elapsed, after his death, the next morning, before the sunrise, the parade takes place.
   When his body is placed in a wooden coffin larnaca, covered with myrtle, or flowers are transported either to the shoulders of his or her closest relatives - or to wagons, if they are honored by the state men, such as the victims in war and the sequence first of men and after the relatives of women who accompany the dead silently, ends up in the cemetery.
   On the tomb words are spoken, praising the deceased and paramilitaries to the neighboring relatives. Favorite objects of the dead such as helmet or sword, etc. would go with him to the tomb, a coin between his lips, the so-called kolivon, which the dead had to pay to the ferry of the souls, Hermes (later Harrondas) who, by the crossing of Lake Acherousia, to Hades (Hades).
   On the grave they treated  with "tender offerings from the odorous myrrh (myrrh) and fragrant incense by throwing the blond honey on the soil."
The attendees distributed the "colliva", ie placenta (broad pasta, bread like). On the tomb, the relatives could build funerary columns and funerary monuments, statuary etc. On the columns the name of the deceased was mentioned with devoted, tender, moral, etc.

After the funera:
After the funeral ceremony, the event was held, the dinner party for the participants.
Three days after, the close relatives visited the tomb, on which they offered their respects, followed by the 9 nine days, the thirty 30 days, the genesis (on the birthday of the deceased), and finally (the year from the day of his death).

Ancient Greek names
Τα αρχαία Ελληνικά ονόματα

Τα ονόματα, που επέλεγαν για τα παιδιά τους οι γονείς, εξέφραζαν είτε τη συνέχεια της οικογενειακής παραδόσεως (π.χ. Ξάνθιππος, πατέρας και γιός του Περικλή) είτε την ευλάβεια και ευγνωμοσύνη τους προς τους θεούς (με κατάληξη -δώρος, -δότος, -γένης, κλής, -κυδίδης) είτε την ευχή και την προσδοκία τους να γίνουν στη ζωή τους αυτό, που υποδήλωνε η και υπαινισσόταν το όνομα (π.χ. Πολύβιος, Αλκιβιάδης, Αλέξανδρος=ανίκητος)



-Διό: Διόδωρος, Αθηνόδωρος, Θεώδορος, Ερμόδωρος, Απολλόδωρος, Διόδοτος, Ζινόδοτος, Κηφισόδοτος, Αθηνόδοτος, Διογένης, Ερμογένης, Αθηνογένης, -Ηρα: Ηρακλής, Διοκλής, Θεοκλής, Θεμιστοκλής, Αριστοκλής,
: Αριστοτέλης, Αριστοφάνης, Αριστόβουλος, Αρίσταρχος, -Αρχω: Αρχέστρατος, Αρχέλαος, Αρχιμήδης, Αρχίδαμος, -Ανάσσω: Αναξαγόρας, Αναξιμένης, Αναξίμανδρος, Αστυάναξ, -Αλκη: Αλκιβιάδης, Αλκίφρων, Αλκιδάμας, Αλκίνοος, Αλκαμένης, Αλκμαίων, -Άγω: Αγησίλαος, Αγησίπολις, Αγησίστρατος, Αστυάγης, Θεάγης, Αγήνωρ, -Ανήρ: Ανδροκλής, Ανδρόνικος, Τέρπανδρος, Λύσανδρος, Ανδρέας, -Αγορά: Αγοράκριτος, Αρισταγόρας, Πρωταγόρας, Διαγόρας, Πυθαγόρας, -Δήμος: Δημοσθένης, Δημόκριτος, Δημοφών, Δημόνικος, Δημόφαντος, Δημόδοκος, Δαμοκλής, -Ευθύς: Ευθύφρων, Ευθύδημος,
: Ευθύβουλος, Ευθυκλής, Εύβουλος, Εύδοξος, Εύμολπος, Εύπολις, Ευκράτης, Ευήμερος, Ευδαίμων, Ευστράτιος, -Θεός: Θεόφιλος, Θεόκριτος, Θεαίτιτος, Θεόδοτος, Θεόπομπος, Θεόδωρος, -Ίππος: Ιππόλυτος, Ιπποκράτης, Φίλιππος, Ξάνθιππος, Μελάνιππος, -Είδος: Αριστείδης, Ανδροκλείδης, Λεωνίδας, Πελοπίδας, Ευμολπίδης, -Κρατώ: Σωκράτης, Λαοκράτης, Αριστοκράτης, Ερμοκράτης, -Κρίνω: Κριτόβουλος, Κριτόλαος, Κρίτων, Θεόκριτος, -Κλέος: Κλεόβουλος, Κλεόνικος, Κλέων, Περικλής, Φιλοκλής, Αριστοκλής, Κλεανδρίδας, Πάτροκλος, -Κύδος: Θουκυδίδης, Φερεκύδης, Κυδαθηναίος, -Λαος: Λαομέδων, Λαόνικος, Χαρίλαος, Αγησίλαος, Μενέλαος, -Λύκη: Λυκάων, Λυκούργος, Λυκόφρων, Λυκομήδης, -Λύω: Λύσανδρος, Λυσίμαχος, Λυσίστρατος, -Μεδέω: Αλκιμέδων, Λυκομήδης, Λαομέδων, Παλαμήδης, -Νικώ: Νικόλαος, Νικίας, Νίκανδρος, Νικάνωρ, Νικόστρατος, -Ξένος: Ξενοφών, Ξενοκράτης, Ξενοφάνης, Αριστόξενος, -Τιμώ: Τιμολέων, Τιμόθεος, Τιμαγένης, Τιμοκράτης, -Φιλώ: Φιλόλαος, Φιλοποίμην, Φιλοκλής, Φιλάρετος, Φιλοστρατος, Φιλόδημος.

Ζηνοβία, Ηροφίλη, Θεοδόρα, Θεανώ, Κλεονίκη, Διοτίμα, Μαρέα, Μελισσάνθη, Οινώνη, Χαρίκλεια, Λαοδίκη, Αίγλη, Αίθρα, Άλκηστις, Αρετή, Αρίστη, Αμυμώνη, Αυρα, Άντεια, Ανθή, Αυγή, Ασπασία, Δαναη, Διώνη, Ζηναϊς, Ζηνόθεμις, Ελένη, Ερασμία, Εριφύλη, Ευάνδη, Ευανθία, Ζωή, Ήβη, Ηλιάνα, Ηλέκτρα, Ησιόνη, Θελξίνοη, Θάλεια, Θέμις, Θάμυρις, Θεώνη, Ιόλη, Ιάνθη, Ιλάειρα, Ίρις, Ισμήνη, Ιφιγένεια, Καλλισθένη, Κλειώ, Λήδα, Λητώ, Λιγύα, Λυκία, Λιδύα, Μύρρα, Μυρτίς, Μελίσσα, Μυρσίνη, Νεφέλη, Νιόβη, Ναυσικά, Οινάνθη, Ολυμπιάς, Ρόδη, Σαπφώ, Σεμέλη, Υακίνθη, Φαίδρα, Φιλία, Φιλησία, Φοίβη, Χάρις κλπ.

Ήρα (=η Αέρινη),
Αφροδίτη(=η αναδυθείσα από τους αφρούς),
Αθηνά (=η θεία νοεί),
Άρτεμις (=η κρατερή),
Δημήτηρ (Δη=Γή μητέρα),
Εστία (=η κομίσασα το ιερό ουράνιο φώς στη γη),
Μαρέα (=μητέρα Ρέα) όχι Μαρία
Ελένη (=η κόρη του Ήλιου)

[Με την επιλογί του ονόματος εξέφραζαν και την ευχή για κάτι σπουδέο και υψηλό!].






Δρ.Παναγιώτης Ι. Κυριακόπουλος
Δικηγόρος - Φιλόλογος

Σόλωνος120 Αθήνα,Τ.Κ. 10681

Stan Stratis Hatgivlastis