Plato and Socrates Commenting on the Greek Alphabet
|Plato's Cratylus The etymologies (390e-427d)
Socrates' proposed answer fills the very extensive central section of the dialogue. In short (for to say it at length would exceed the capacity of this article), names are appropriate to their objects in so far as they describe what they are.
According to a long series of etymologies proposed by Socrates, the Greek vocabulary itself, when suitably decoded, is an elaborate set of descriptions of what each named item is.
To continue with the example already mentioned, the Greek word for ‘man’, anthrôpos, according to Socrates appears to break down into ana thrôn ha opôpe (αναθρών α όπωπε), ‘one who reflects on what he has seen’. That is, the species which uniquely possesses both eyesight and intelligence has been given a name which acknowledges precisely that distinguishing combination.
The argument with Socrates, and Cratylus that the correctness to a name is the meaning of the elements that creates the word, and to describe it as accurate as it can be, like a painting using the right colors and the right combination of elements to create a logical image that may emerge from that painting, using the proper symbols-letters or a combination of small sentences like music notes to create and build the word. (a word should be created from a combination of symbols of tools, sounds, visuals, human activities, and whether conditions)
On the other hand many words are not as correct as they should have been, for the reason that this words, from the creation where difficult to pronounce (tongue-twisters) as a result to add an extra vowel or consonant and other times to remove, this words are difficult to decipher correctly, the most accrued words are the very ancient prime words. Barbaric words are words that the symbol characters are irrelevant to the subject-name (at least the first two or three symbols in that word must describe the subject-name of that word)
(we will examine each letter symbol extensible farther on)
To be more specific I will try to place this words in frames as I was mentioned earlier
that every word is describing a painting by using symbol tools
|The cup as a symbol character Y
is used in words of liquids
and the lantern as a symbol character Φ on the right in words that emit light
|The Phoenician and the Latin Alphabets are
irrelevant of any meaning
(they adopted them from the Greek without knowing the meaning of them)
Greek philosophers consider any non Greek language as barbaric language.1) Greeks who short lived in other barbaric countries brought many barbaric words,
2) The correctness of the names is to revive the substances of the objects,
3) Names are replica exactly as a painting,
*4) The creation of names given with an agreement,
5) For someone who understands the names he will understand the objects symbols that created the names-words.
(Socrates & Cratylus)
|*4) The word ΤΕΙΧΟΣ
or any word for some one who don’t speak or understand Greek
is meaningless, on the other hand if he understands how to decipher
the Greek symbols will be puzzled, but finely he will end up with a
(Using the T=hemmer=(technique), = E=work, I=height, O=my home)
The above decoding it may prove or explain some understanding but doesn't establish or register the word to be placed in a dictionary.
Here comes the agreement to establish the word ΤΕΙΧΟΣ or any other word for every one to understand.
|I will use another example on the word hubris=ύβρις=ΥΒΡΙΣ (abusive, hubristic, insulting) ΥΒΡΙΣ Υ=wet moist saliva spit, Β=violent abuse, Ρ=(r) run reel orator direction, Ι= wicked, Σ=continuously. As we can see with all that code breaking we have to come to an agreement and establish the word as ΥΒΡΙΣ=hubris (by not mixing the order of the symbols).|
|The agreement is based on the structure of the word by using the same order at all times the symbols, and not mixing them, to be more specific Y is first Β comes second R third etc, that order can never be changed or it will ruin the agreement of the word in the dictionary. (nevertheless mixing the symbols we probably will get more or less the same result of understanding without matching the word in the dictionary).|
|The Latins permanently coarsen them sounds within the same Latin:
quatru - quadru.
The sound of the voice is different depending on variety of breeds
In the South, through, nations have thin and shrill voice.
In Greece, which lies in the middle, producing tone of voice of each region.
Going north, the tone of voice made deeper, and shorter words, to short breath out to prevent reducing body warmth