Theology of the Ancient Greek Philosophers  

Titans Decode the Greek Alphabet

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Zeus

Hera

Athena

Poseidon

Artemis

Hermes

Apollo

Aphrodite

Demeter

Haphaestus

Hades

Hestia

The 12 Gods of Olympus Religion, Democracy, and Law

At Paleolithic age humans as food gatherers and hunters, and at the first stages of their gradual evolution, the environmental changes played a major role in their every day life, living its marks in the Greek mythology.

Myths emerged from old stone age Ellopas (Hellenes = Greeks) hunters and herdsmen, descendants of Homo Sapiens, with possibly a small influence of Neandertalensis, at that time religion starting to emerge.

U
nfortunately today we don't realize the rapid geological metabolic changes of the environment as it happened at that time.
We know today that before 18.000 years ago the coastal waters of Greece have been suffered of continues floods and earthquakes causing the sea level to rise 150 meters, and the land to sink below their feet, for example the Aegean islands (Cyclades) were joint, stretching from the Greek mainland to almost joining Turkey leaving a lake in the north Aegean.
               
At first the not so friendly to man Titans, because of the suffering, people considered as punishment from the Gods, the floods but also the earthquakes with 20 volcanoes in the area.

The Greek mythology is a cryptographic history of the people who dwell in that region.


T
he first 6 Gods starting to emerge, their presence are concerning the connection to this environmental changes.
The firstborn Poseidon, - Hades (=Pluto), - Demeter, - Hera, - Hestia, and last Zeus.

How Zeus became chief of Gods:
 
Poseidon God of waters the seas and earthquakes was their chief God at that time.

A
s time went on weather conditions became normal, people began to forget the past, God Poseidon didn't play important role to their lives any longer. People starting to create communities the need of justice and laws gave Zeus the leadership, Demeter Goddess of agriculture, Hestia Goddess of the household, Ades God of the dead, Hera Zeus wife to create the rest of the Gods.

G
reeks created 12 Gods (6 Gods and 6 goddesses equal apportionment) of Olympus (=havens) just and wise. Each God had a duty to serve mankind, a «ministry». Amongst the 12 gods were many smaller gods. Every task was introduced with high respect as a law and to worship, for this each God was created.

* Example1: Greek word 'ΑΙΣΑ'(=Aesa) = ίσος - ισότιτα (meaning equal - all people are equal), therefore goddess Αίσα was created, at very early ancient Greek times.
* Example2:
'ΘΕΜΙΣ' = θεσμός - (Themis) meaning (ties of law, justice - principles of justice) therefore Θέμις goddess of law and justice.
* Example3:
'ΓΗ ΜΗΤΕΡΑ' later (=Δή-μητρα)=(Demeter) meaning (Γή=Earth + μητέρα=mother = mother earth) therefore Δήμητρα goddess of agriculture.

At first unwritten law (social mores, customary law, self Consciousness, human dignity and respect), was passed from generation to generation to the people.  
The first written law was at Sparta by Lycurgus (Λυκούργος) 850 - 800 B.C. and at Athens by Solon (Σόλων) 590 B.C..

«Romans adopted these laws from the Greeks [According to evidence of Titus Livius, Roman historian (59 BC - 17 AD) that the Roman law is a copy of the Greek law from Sparta and Athens].
[U.S. of America adopting the Greek law. «Discrimination:.... The Civil Rights Acts passed by the U.S. Congress].»


Gods resemble human behavior, other times having improper desires, and quarrels but no human judgment could pass on them. Law was adjusted for the people paradigmatically. Romans adopted the same Laws and religion from the Greeks but applied different names to the Gods.


ZEUS: Superior universal ruler and creator, pre cataclysmic human civilization. His «marriage» with «ΘΕΜΙΣ», «ΜΗΙΤΙΝ», «ΕΥΡΥΝΟΜΗΝ», and «ΜΝΗΜΟΣΥΝΗΝ», meaning human ties, logic, influential acceptation of justice, spreading happiness and prosperity to the people.
And to remember of the catastrophic floods covering the past with mud.
(Zeus is the only God who give emergence to human substance)
 

Zeus: (Jupiter)
Father of Gods and Mankind

He is lord of the sky, and god of rain. His weapon is the thunderbolt which he hurls at those who displease him. He is married to Hera but, is famous for his many affairs. He is also known to punish those that lie or break oaths.
Zeus made war and overthrew his Father Cronus. He then drew lots with his brothers Hades and Poseidon . Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of the gods. Zeus also known as the phyloxenous (φιλόξενος =hospitable) God, treating well foreigners, merchants, and making friendships, (Foreign affairs) often was dressed with rags knocking on people’s doors for a piece of bread those who would not accept him would punish.

The word «Ζεύς» - Zeus - ζεύξης (=join with a goddess, or woman, to create other Gods and humans)

look for the abbreviated meaning of letter symbol Z

Ares: (Mars)
He is the god of war.

Ares Is the son of Zeus and Hera. He was disliked by both parents. He is considered murderous and bloodstained but, also a coward. When caught in an act of adultery with Aphrodite (Venus) her husband Hephaestus is able publicly ridicule him.

Hestia: (Vesta)
She is the Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of the house around which a new born child is carried before it is received into the family.
Hestia is Zeus sister. She is a virgin goddess. She does not have a distinct personality. She plays no part in myths. Each city had a public hearth sacred to Hestia, where the fire was never allowed to go out. 
 

  

Hera: (Juno)
Is the protector of marriage and takes special care of married women.

Hera, the Greek goddess called the Queen of Heaven, was a powerful queen in her own right, long before her marriage to Zeus, the mighty king of the Olympian gods. The goddess Hera ruled over the heavens and the earth, responsible for every aspect of existence, including the seasons and the weather.
She had a specific role as the goddess of marriage and maternity, and represented an idealized view of woman. Her bird is the peacock.

  

 

Athena: (Minerva)
Is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. (Education)
She is the daughter of Zeus. She sprang full grown in armor from his forehead, thus has no mother. She is fierce and brave in battle but, only fights to protect the state and home from outside enemies. She is the goddess of the city, handicrafts, and agriculture. She invented the bridle, which permitted man to tame horses, the trumpet, the flute, the pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot.   She was Zeus's favorite child and was allowed to use his weapons including his thunderbolt. Her favorite city is Athens. Her tree is the olive. The owl is her bird. She is a virgin goddess.
 

  


Poseidon: (Neptune) lord of the sea.

Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, for shares of the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea. He was widely worshiped by seamen. He married Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan Oceanus. At one point he desired Demeter. To put him off Demeter asked him to make the most beautiful animal that the world had ever seen. So to impress her Poseidon created the first horse. In some accounts his first attempts were unsuccessful and created a variety of other animals in his quest. By the time the horse was created his passion for Demeter had cooled. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has a difficult quarrelsome personality.

 

 

Artemis: (Diana)
She is the huntsman of the gods and goddess of environment and nature.
She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother is Apollo . She is the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. She became associated with the moon. She is a virgin goddess, and the goddess of chastity. She also presides over childbirth, which may seem odd for a virgin, but goes back to causing Leto no pain when she was born. She became associated with Hecate. The cypress is her tree. All wild animals are scared to her, especially the deer.

 

Hermes: (Mercury) Zeus messenger.
(Transport communications and commerce) He is the son of Zeus and Maia. He is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and carries a magic wand. He is the god of thieves and god of commerce. He is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. He invented the lyre, the pipes, the musical scale, astronomy , weights and measures, boxing, gymnastics, and the care of olive trees.

  

  
The Greek post office has Hermes as its symbol.

 


Apollo: God of light.
He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The The god of truth, who can not speak a lie. He is the son of Zeus and Leto. His twin sister is Artemis.One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses and drive the Sun across the sky. People traveled to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future. His tree was the laurel. The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal.
 

 

 

Aphrodite: (Venus)
Is the goddess of love, desire and beauty. In addition to her natural gifts she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire her. There are two accounts of her birth. One says she is the daughter of Zeus and Dione. The other goes back to when Cronus castrated Uranus and tossed his severed genitals into the sea. Aphrodite then arose from the sea foam on a giant scallop and walked to shore in Cyprus. She is the wife of Hephaestus. The myrtle is her tree. The dove, the swan, and the sparrow her birds.
 

  

 

Demeter: (Ceres)
Demeter is the goddess of corn, grain, and the harvest.
In Greek religion and mythology, goddess of harvest and fertility; daughter of Kronos and Rhea. She was the mother of Persephone by Zeus. When Pluto abducted Persephone, Demeter grieved so inconsolably that the earth became barren through her neglect. Searching for her daughter, she wandered to Eleusis, where the Eleusinian Mysteries were inaugurated in her honor. She revealed to Triptolemus, an Eleusinian, the art of growing and using corn. The Thesmophoria, a fertility festival held in her honor at Athens, was attended only by women.


Hades: (Pluto)

Hades, in Greek mythology, god of the dead. He was the son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. When the three brothers divided up the universe after they had deposed their father, Cronus, Hades was awarded the underworld. There, with his queen, Persephone, whom he had abducted from the world above, he ruled the kingdom of the dead. Although he was a grim and pitiless god, unappeased by either prayer or sacrifice, he was not evil. In Roman mythology, he was known also as Pluto, lord of riches, because both crops and precious metals were believed to come from his kingdom below ground.
The underworld itself was often called Hades. It was divided into two regions: Erebus, where the dead pass as soon as they die, and Tartarus, the deeper region, where the Titans had been imprisoned. It was a dim and unhappy place, inhabited by vague forms and shadows and guarded by Cerberus, the three-headed, dragon-tailed dog. Sinister rivers separated the underworld from the world above, and the aged boatman Charon ferried the souls of the dead across these waters. Somewhere in the darkness of the underworld Hades' palace was located. It was represented as a many-gated, dark and gloomy place, thronged with guests, and set in the midst of shadowy fields and an apparition-haunted landscape. In later legends the underworld is described as the place where the good are rewarded and the wicked punished.


Hestia: (Vesta)

Hestia, in Greek mythology, virgin goddess of the hearth, the eldest daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. She was believed to preside at all sacrificial altar fires, and prayers were offered to her before and after meals. Although she appears in very few myths, most cities had a common hearth where her sacred fire burned. In Rome, Hestia was worshipped as Vesta, and her fire was attended by six virgin priestesses known as vestal virgins.


Hephaestus: (Vulcan)

He is the smith and armorer of the gods.
Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera alone produced him and that he has no father.His wife is Aphrodite. Sometimes his wife is identified as Aglaia.  He is the only god to be physically ugly. He is also lame. Accounts as to how he became lame vary. Some say that Hera, upset by having an ugly child, flung him from Mount Olympus into the sea, breaking his legs. Others that he took Hera's side in an argument with Zeus and Zeus flung him off Mount Olympus. He is the god of fire and the forge. He uses a volcano as his forge. He is the patron god of both smiths and weavers. He is kind and peace loving.

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