Is the protector of marriage and takes special care of married women.
Hera, the Greek goddess called the Queen of Heaven, was a powerful queen
in her own right, long before her marriage to Zeus, the mighty king of the
Olympian gods. The goddess Hera ruled over the heavens and the earth,
responsible for every aspect of existence, including the seasons and the
She had a specific role as the goddess of marriage and maternity, and
represented an idealized view of woman. Her bird is the peacock.
Is the embodiment of wisdom, reason, and purity. (Education)
She is the daughter of Zeus. She sprang full grown in armor from his
forehead, thus has no mother. She is fierce and brave in battle but, only
fights to protect the state and home from outside enemies. She is the
goddess of the city, handicrafts, and agriculture. She invented the
bridle, which permitted man to tame horses, the trumpet, the flute, the
pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot. She was
Zeus's favorite child and was allowed to use his weapons including his
thunderbolt. Her favorite city is Athens. Her tree is the olive. The owl
is her bird. She is a virgin goddess.
Poseidon: (Neptune) lord of the sea.
Poseidon is the brother of Zeus. After the overthrow of their Father
Cronus he drew lots with Zeus and Hades, another brother, for shares of
the world. His prize was to become lord of the sea. He was widely
worshiped by seamen. He married Amphitrite, a granddaughter of the Titan
Oceanus. At one point he desired Demeter. To put him off Demeter asked him
to make the most beautiful animal that the world had ever seen. So to
impress her Poseidon created the first horse. In some accounts his first
attempts were unsuccessful and created a variety of other animals in his
quest. By the time the horse was created his passion for Demeter had
cooled. His weapon is a trident, which can shake the earth, and shatter
any object. He is second only to Zeus in power amongst the gods. He has a
difficult quarrelsome personality.
She is the huntsman of the gods and goddess of environment and nature.
She is the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother is Apollo . She is
the protector of the young. Like Apollo she hunts with silver arrows. She
became associated with the moon. She is a virgin goddess, and the goddess
of chastity. She also presides over childbirth, which may seem odd for a
virgin, but goes back to causing Leto no pain when she was born. She
became associated with Hecate. The cypress is her tree. All wild animals
are scared to her, especially the deer.
Hermes: (Mercury) Zeus messenger.
(Transport communications and commerce) He is the son of Zeus and Maia. He
is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat, and
carries a magic wand. He is the god of thieves and god of commerce. He is
the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. He invented the lyre, the
pipes, the musical scale, astronomy , weights and measures, boxing,
gymnastics, and the care of olive trees.
The Greek post office has Hermes as its symbol.
Apollo: God of light.
He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting
with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The The god
of truth, who can not speak a lie. He is the son of Zeus and Leto. His
twin sister is Artemis.One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to
harness his chariot with four horses and drive the Sun across the sky.
People traveled to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future.
His tree was the laurel. The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal.
Is the goddess of love, desire and beauty. In addition to her natural
gifts she has a magical girdle that compels anyone she wishes to desire
her. There are two accounts of her birth. One says she is the daughter of
Zeus and Dione. The other goes back to when Cronus castrated Uranus and
tossed his severed genitals into the sea. Aphrodite then arose from the
sea foam on a giant scallop and walked to shore in Cyprus. She is the wife
of Hephaestus. The myrtle is her tree. The dove, the swan, and the sparrow
Demeter is the goddess of corn, grain, and the harvest.
In Greek religion and mythology, goddess of harvest and fertility;
daughter of Kronos and Rhea. She was the mother of Persephone by Zeus.
When Pluto abducted Persephone, Demeter grieved so inconsolably that the
earth became barren through her neglect. Searching for her daughter, she
wandered to Eleusis, where the Eleusinian Mysteries were inaugurated in
her honor. She revealed to Triptolemus, an Eleusinian, the art of growing
and using corn. The Thesmophoria, a fertility festival held in her honor
at Athens, was attended only by women.
Hades, in Greek mythology, god of the dead. He was the son of the Titans
Cronus and Rhea and the brother of Zeus and Poseidon. When the three
brothers divided up the universe after they had deposed their father,
Cronus, Hades was awarded the underworld. There, with his queen,
Persephone, whom he had abducted from the world above, he ruled the
kingdom of the dead. Although he was a grim and pitiless god, unappeased
by either prayer or sacrifice, he was not evil. In Roman mythology, he
was known also as Pluto, lord of riches, because both crops and precious
metals were believed to come from his kingdom below ground.
The underworld itself was often called Hades. It was divided into two
regions: Erebus, where the dead pass as soon as they die, and Tartarus,
the deeper region, where the Titans had been imprisoned. It was a dim
and unhappy place, inhabited by vague forms and shadows and guarded by
Cerberus, the three-headed, dragon-tailed dog. Sinister rivers separated
the underworld from the world above, and the aged boatman Charon ferried
the souls of the dead across these waters. Somewhere in the darkness of
the underworld Hades' palace was located. It was represented as a many-gated,
dark and gloomy place, thronged with guests, and set in the midst of
shadowy fields and an apparition-haunted landscape. In later legends the
underworld is described as the place where the good are rewarded and the
Hestia, in Greek mythology, virgin goddess of the hearth, the eldest
daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. She was believed to preside at all
sacrificial altar fires, and prayers were offered to her before and after
meals. Although she appears in very few myths, most cities had a common
hearth where her sacred fire burned. In Rome, Hestia was worshipped as
Vesta, and her fire was attended by six virgin priestesses known as vestal
He is the smith and armorer of the gods.
Hephaestus is the son of Zeus and Hera. Sometimes it is said that Hera
alone produced him and that he has no father.His wife is Aphrodite.
Sometimes his wife is identified as Aglaia. He is the only god to be
physically ugly. He is also lame. Accounts as to how he became lame vary.
Some say that Hera, upset by having an ugly child, flung him from Mount
Olympus into the sea, breaking his legs. Others that he took Hera's side
in an argument with Zeus and Zeus flung him off Mount Olympus. He is the
god of fire and the forge. He uses a volcano as his forge. He is the
patron god of both smiths and weavers. He is kind and peace loving.