According to Plato and Aristotle each letter-character have meanings of
«sounds, visuals, human behaviour, and weather conditions»,
and every character have an symbolic meaning.


Α  Β  Γ  Δ  Ε  Ζ  Η  Θ  Ι  Κ  Λ  Μ  Ν  Ξ  Ο  Π  Ρ  Σ  Τ  Υ  Φ  Χ  Ψ  Ω


Archaeological findings of Greek writing in northern Greece have been discovered,
estimating an age of 11.000 years old.



Greek  Archaic similar Ionic Alphabet, long before the Phoenicians claim the originality of the alphabet.
Another proof that the Alphabet is Hellenic.

Evidence for the origins of the Greek Alphabet


Phoenicians sea-going traders, and merchants adopting the Greek Alphabet, and introducing it to the Mediterranean countries, giving the impression that the Alphabet was Phoenician, for this responsible was Greek historian Herodotus, confusing «recent Cadmus (=Κάδμος)»  with the older Cadmus, who appeared the same era with Zeus, as we read in the Greek historian Hesiodus in «Theogony» (lines 937,975,978) and in Homer's  (Odyssey E. 299-333-335).


Σ,σ,ς: We should keep in mind the condition of the Greek mountainous land, of pine and other conifererous trees, when the wind is blowing, the branches σείει (=shake) move back and forth in a continues non stop movement, leaving an endless sound of (ΣΣΣΣΣΣ (=SSSSS).  

Also the sea wavelets give a similar sound, and also shrubs and grasses on wind.

Σεισμοί (=earthquakes)
shake the land, a well known phenomenon to Greece from ancient times with almost 20 volcanoes, have marked the landscape, Σταθμός (=Station=coming and going continuously).

φιλόσοφος=sophist philosopher=friendly to knowledge: analyzing the word "Σο-φός" σο=σ=moving-searching back and forth, o=the surroundings, φώς=light=enlightenment to the brain -ς=repeatedly
at the end of a word changes to ς

Σ (is added at the end of a word providing a sex ratio
ΑΥΤΟΣ- αυτός  (=he),
ΑΥΤΗ - αυτή (=her),
σ at the end of a word changes to ς
ΑΥΤΟ - αυτό (=

Code meaning:
Σείει (shake) move back and forth
in a continues non stop movement

Meaningful extensions:
Σειρήν (siren),
Σήθω =κωσκινίζω (I sift)

upper case

lower case


σ = ς

Σ,σ,ς - (Σίγμα -Sigma) ς


  "say" - "spring" - "snow" 
"stop" - "salt" - "smoke"


Every European country is using today at least 5.000 ancient Greek words used as seedlings to create other new words, the English are using  8.000 words, plus other European and non European countries. 
Below is some examples in English.


Σάλπιξ (salpinx)=salpinx, salpingitis--Σάνδαλον (sandalon)=sandal

Σάος=σώος (saos=soos)=safe, safeness, sos, save, savior 

Σάρξ (sarks)=sarcophagus, sarcoma, sarcosis, sarcoplasm

Σειρή (siri)=series, serial--Σειρήν (sirin)=siren--Σθένος (sthenos)=asthenic

Σείω (seio)=seism, seismology, seismometer--Σελήνη (selini)=selenium 

Σιγή (sigi)=silence, silent--Σκάπτω (skapto)=excavate, excavation 

Σκέπτομαι (sceptomae)=spectacle, spectacular, spectator

Σκιόεις (skiois)=obscure, skiagram, skiascope

Σκολιός (scolios)=scoliosis--Σκοπός (skopos)=scope, telescope

Σκότος (scotos)=Scotia, shoot--Σοφός (sophos)=Sophia, sophism, sophist

Σπείρον (speiron)=spiral, spire--Σπέος (speos)=speos, speleology

Σπέρμα (sperma)=sperm, spermatology--Σπιδής (spidis)=space, spacious

Σπόγγος (spongos)=sponge, spongy--Σπονδή (spondi)=spondaic 

Στάζω (stazo)=stalactite, stagonometer--Σταθμός (stathmos)=station

Στατός (statos)=statue, status--Στέρνον (sternon)=sternum, sternotomy  

Στείνος (stinos)=stenosis, stenocardia, stenothorax 

Στείρη (steiri)=sterile, sterilize, stereogram, stereognosis 

Στήθος (stithos)=stethoscope, stetheometer

Στόμαχος (stomachos)=stomach--Στρεπτός (streptos)=streptococcus

Στρατός (stratos)=strategic, stratosphere--Σφαίρα (sfera)=spherical

Στρεύγομαι (strevgomae)=strangle, strain

Συλλέγω (syllego)= syllogism, colect, collective, collection

Σύμβολον (symvolon)=symbol, symbolism, symbolize 

Σύμφωνος (symphonos)=symphonic, symphony, symphonic

Σύν (syn)=syllable, symmetry, sympathy, symptom, synagogue, syndicate, syntax, synopsis, synthetic, synonym, synchronize, syndicate, synod, etc, etc