According to Plato and Aristotle each letter-character have meanings of
«sounds, visuals, human behaviour, and weather conditions»,
and every character have an symbolic meaning.


Α  Β  Γ  Δ  Ε  Ζ  Η  Θ  Ι  Κ  Λ  Μ  Ν  Ξ  Ο  Π  Ρ  Σ  Τ  Υ  Φ  Χ  Ψ  Ω


Archaeological findings of Greek writing in northern Greece have been discovered,
estimating an age of 11.000 years old.



Greek  Archaic similar Ionic Alphabet, long before the Phoenicians claim the originality of the alphabet.
Another proof that the Alphabet is Hellenic.

Evidence for the origins of the Greek Alphabet


Phoenicians sea-going traders, and merchants adopting the Greek Alphabet, and introducing it to the Mediterranean countries, giving the impression that the Alphabet was Phoenician, for this responsible was Greek historian Herodotus, confusing «recent Cadmus (=Κάδμος)»  with the older Cadmus, who appeared the same era with Zeus, as we read in the Greek historian Hesiodus in «Theogony» (lines 937,975,978) and in Homer's  (Odyssey E. 299-333-335).


=Α «ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΣ» (human) «ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΣ - AN - THRO - POS» give the abbreviated meaning he stands, reviews he understands, and walks on two feet.  ΑΝ=UPRIGHT - ΘΡΩ=I OBSERVE and understand - ΠΟΣ=erect posture WALK on two feet.


The vowel «A» is the first symbol character of the alphabet.
According to this symbol words with Greek meaning «ΑΝΘΡΩΠΟΣ» (human) Anthropos, Ανθρωπολογία (= Anthropology).
Visually: the Paleolithic Greeks describing man as =A human
In sound: Man is the only mammal animal that cries on his birth, giving the sound AAA!!!.     
In Human expressions: AAA!!!=admire, AAA!!!=understanding, and to laugh, HA,HA,HA.     
Placing man at the beginning of every aspect, because without the human substance, the alphabet would be meaningless, (therefore A is at the beginning of the alphabet and also in numbers is number 1),(A=1, 1=A). 
It has no relation with the Phoenician symbol of an ox head.


[From ancient Greece broken ceramic pieces found, each with a drawing of a letter symbol on them, used for teaching, placing one next to the other (some times sideways or facing up) to create words]. 
(this ceramic piece resembles an ox head!!! when the Phoenicians asked what was the name of it?
ΑΛΦΑ=ALPHA was the answer, so alpha means ox they thought ) the same happened with the rest of the alphabet giving different meanings to them. (Phoenician symbols)

According to Homer Phoenicians used the Greek symbols to make fandangle's (earrings, necklaces etc), introducing them to other countries as their own symbols.

Homer's (Odyssey Ο. 415 - 417)
There seamen Phoenicians arrived, well known thieves, with lots of  fandangles in their ship.
Ένθα δέ Φοίνικες ναυσίκλυτοι ήλυθον άνδρες, τρώκται, μυρί' άγοντες αθύρματα νηί μελαίνη

The Phoenicians =Cadmus descendants, Cadmus the Greek (=Κάδμος)

(the Greek word ΑΛΦΑ=ALPHA by the Phoenicians symbolizing to them as an OX head, then obviously thought that the Greek word alpha to the Phoenicians meant also an ox)


the illiterate Phoenicians had no idea of the abbreviated meaning for every letter symbol of the Greek alphabet

Greeks  used the alphabet as numbers A=is number 1, B is number 2, etcetera, therefore «A» is the ΑΡΧΗ (=archi = beginning first in line).
The abbreviated meaning of ΑΛΦΑ (=ALPHA)  is Α=αρχή (archi at the beginning of the alphabet),
Λ=L=ΛΑΜΔΑ (LAMBDA) is (=the human organ the tongue) =λόγος logic = language, words, tongue), Φ=(f=ph) (φως=light, enlightenment, light to the brain), Α =to humans.

[The Phoenician version of ΑΛΦΑΑ=ox, Λ=goad, Φ=monkey, A=ox ]      (Phoenician signs)


Barbaric words =bar,bar,bur,bur,bla,bla: Greeks consider other languages as barbaric for the reason that if a word can not be broken in an abbreviated meaning of each letter (USA, EU, UN, USSR etcetera). (barbarous is not a bad person but his words don't make sense) many words in modern Greek are also barbaric adapted from other countries, those we name Indo-European languages.


In sound: of  «A» Αααα!!!! - Aaaa!!!!!! is the expression of admire, the cry of a new born baby, Αχ!! = Ah!! in pain and in sorrow, Χαχαχα!!!! = (HaHaHa!!!) in laughter, the sound of the intelligence that only humans have.


Code meaning:
ΑΡΧΗ (arche)= beginning
Number 1

Meaningful extensions:
admire, amazement, happiness, anger
ΑΡΧΗ=archeology (=beginning, leadership), archangel

[If symbol «A» is representing an ox then every word that includes that symbol, will lose it's meaning, and the entire Greek language will be meaningless]. Phoenician alphabet


Tips for pronouncing those letters which are pronounced differently from the equivalent English letters.
Greek symbols never change pronunciation sound


upper case

lower case



Α,α -  (Αλφα -  Alpha vowel 


"father" - "academy" - "rat"

"act" - "bark" - "archaic"

The vowel «A» is the simplest human voice, a newborn will say A!!, as he grows older will say TA!! or MA!! and MA-MA=mother, ΠA!! or Πα-Πα=father, Λα-Λα=his first song, TA-TA-TA=using a toy hammer. 
The best  way  to read a Greek word is to brake it in syllables ΑΝ-ΘΡΩ-ΠΟΣ =human, ΑΡ-ΧΗ=beginning, Α-Ε-ΡΟ-ΠΛΑ-ΝΟ=airplane, ΝΕ-ΡΟ=water


Every European country is using today at least 5.000 ancient Greek words used as seedlings to create other new words, the English are using  8.000 words, plus other European and non European countries. 
Below is some examples in English.


Άνθροπος (Anthropos=human)=anthropology, many words begin with anthrop...

Αγνοέω (agnoeo)=ignorant, ignorance--Άγνωστος (agnostos)=unknown

Αγγός (agos)=angialgia, angiogram, angiostenosis, angioscope, angioma

Αγροιώτης (agriotis)=agriculture, agrobiology, agronomy

Αδάμας (adamas)=diamond--Αήρ (air)=air, aerodrome, aerial, aerostat, etc, etc

Αίμα (aema=blood)=hemorrage, hematosis, homeopathy 

Άκρη (acri)=acrobat, acrophobia, acronym, acroparalysis

Άλλος (allos)=allergy, alloeosis, allogeneous, allomorph

Ανάλυσις (analysis)=analyst, analyze--Άλς (als=salt)=salary=paid in salt, sale

Άμ (am=an)=anabiosis, anabasis, anacrusis, anacephaleosis, anaglyph, anastole  

Αμφί (amphi)=amphibian, amphiboles, amphimixis, etc, etc

Αμφιλύκη (amphilyki)=look, looker, luminary, luminosity, lygophilia

Άν (an=ana=am)=anesthesia, anandria, anarithmia, analphabet, anarchy

Ανακλίνω (anaclino)=inclination, incline -- Ανακράζω (anacrazo)=cry

Άνεμος (anemos=wind)=anemometer, anemogram--Αρχή (archi)=architect, etc

Αναλύω (analyo)=analysis, analyze--Αναμάσσω (anamasso)=mass, massive, etc

Άνθος (anthos)=anthology--Ανιάζω (aniazo)=nuisance, annoying, annoyance 

Αντί (anti)=antichrist, antiballistic, anticenter, antiphrasis, antidote, etc, etc, etc

Άνοστος (anostos)=nostalgia, nostalgic-- Ανώνυμος (anonymos)=anonym

Από (apo)=apocalypse, apokleisis, apocrustic, apocrypha, apology, apoplexy, etc

Απολιχμάω (apolichmao)=lick -- Αριθμός (arithmos)=arithmetic 

Άριστος (aristos)=aristocrat, aristocracy  --  Άρκτος (arctos)=arctic

Αρμονίη (armonii)=harmony, harmonica--Άρμα (arma)=armour, army, arms

Αστήρ (astir)=star, astrology, astronomy, astrophysics, astrodynamics

Άσπερμος (aspermos)=aspermia, sperm, sporogenic, sporocarp, spore 

Αυτόματος (aftomatos)=automatic, autonomy, autarchy, autopsy, autotelic, etc

Αυτός (aftos)=he, this man  -- Αυτή (afti)=she, her -- Αυτό (afto)= it, this thing